MAY 13 1607
411 YEARS AGO
Some 100 English colonists arrive along the west bank of the James River in Virginia
to build Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America .The dispatched
from England by the 'London Company' . They sailed across the Atlantic aboard the
“Susan Constant”, “Godspeed” and “Discovery”.
Upon the landing the first “colonial council “ was held. Seven settlers whose names had
been placed in a sealed box by King James I then became “The Council”. The council,
which included Captain John Smith chose Edward Wingfield as Jamestown's first leader.
Within the first two weeks the settlement was attacked by the local Algonquian indians but
were repulsed by the armed settlers. Later on, in December, John Smith and two colonists
were captured while hunting provisions in the wilderness. The two colonists were killed but
Captain John Smith was spared because of words of Pocahonias, a daughter of the Chief
The next two years disease, starvation and more Indian attacks wiped out most of the
colony, but The London Company kept sending more settlers and supplies.
A severe winter of 1608 – 1609 , “starving time” killed more colonists and caused the
Jamestown settlers to make plans to return to England.
Then on June 10, came Thomas West De La Warr, Virginia's new governor , with supplies
and convinced the settler to remain at Jamestown.
In 1612, John Rolfe grew the first crop of tobacco introducing a successful source of livelihood.
John Rolfe, on April 5, 1614, married Pocahontas bringing peace with Powhatan for
a period until 1618 when Powhatan died, The new Chief Opechanough resumed Algonquian
attacks that nearly wiped out the colony in 1622. In 1644, Chief Opechancanough led
his last uprising , was captured and executed at Jamestown.
1646, the Algonquian Confederacy gave up much of the territory to the rapidly growing
colony. By 1665 Algonquian chiefs were appointed by the governor of Virginia.
Abstract: By Harrison H. 2018 of A&E Networks, History Today , history.com staff,
Sunday, May 13, 2018